These little sculptures are found in caves and crevices along the trail. They are typically made from flour, water and ashes of the dead after they are cremated by the family of the one who has passed. They are left out to dry after being molded, then painted. For superstitious reasons they are placed away from the family home.
These are more prayer flags, obviously worn by the gusty winds of the Himalayan mountains. This type of prayer flag is known as lungdhar and are placed for good luck, protection from an illness, or fulfillment of a personal goal. They commonly have a name written on them. When to hang them and how many to hang is determined by a minister at the annual religious ceremony of the household. The monastery can be seen in background.
One of my favorite shots so far, this picture captures three examples of buddhist tradition. The first being traditional prayer flags, next a six foot prayer wheel, and finally Tibetan prayer flags in the background.
A painting of Guru Riponoche, the man who is said to have ridden the tigress to this mountain for meditation. (see the post on Taktshang Dzong for a better explanation) Notice the prayer flags and cremation sculptures that surround this illustration. This was painted on one of the caves along the way to the monastery.